Music as a Universal Language
Music is everywhere in the modern world, but it was not always this way. The concept of music is universal throughout human societies and may have been one of the earliest forms of artistic expression. Surely, there has never been a time when a mother would not have comforted her child with a simple tune or delighted when the child sang back to her.
From the time that mankind became aware of the Gods and other powers greater than themselves, music has been a part of religion and worship. Once enough wealth and capital were acquired for a noble class, musicians would have been hired to entertain royal courts. However, for centuries the music most people would have experienced was created by themselves or people they were close to.
In the Twenty-first Century, music is truly everywhere. We step into our car to drive to work and our cars chimes, tweets, and even sings to us to reinforce safety habits. When we shop for groceries the atmosphere is moderated by strains of calming music played over the public address system. A workplace where music is not playing constantly is considered oppressive. The design of the Smartphone that so many of us carry everywhere is based on a society-changing device able to carry and play thousands of songs.
The closing of the Golden Age of Radio coincided with the rise of the Baby Boom generation and the so-called Counter Culture. Whenever these groups met in a gathering of more than just a few individuals occurred, music would have had a place. Someone would have a guitar to lead the group in song, but more often music would have come from a car radio or a cheap, Japanese pocket-sized transistor radio.
From Dashes and Dots to Melodies
On Thanksgiving Day 1919 the action of a Kansas vs Missouri football game was broadcast from Station 5XB in College Station, Texas. Descriptions of the action were sent via Morse Code because that technology for voice transmission was limited. Westinghouse began experimenting with music transmission in 1914, but the quality of transmission left much to be desired.
The technology of mass-produced receiver sets quickly improved, setting the stage for the launch of commercial radio in the early Twenties. Broadcast technology outpaced recording technology, enforcing a requirement for live transmissions. RCA executive David Sarnoff envisioned a "radio music box" as early as 1916. In a practical sense, this required a broadcast studio large and advanced enough to house an orchestra.
Many broadcasts followed the format of Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll's Amos 'n' Andy, two actors on opposite sides of a microphone playing off each other. The popularity of the program not only made it "necessary" for households to invest in a radio set, but Amos 'n' Andy also showed other vaudevillians a new way to make a living without the need to go on the road.
The Spice of Life
Song and Dance teams were a staple of the vaudeville circuits, but, obviously, dancing and other physical displays over the radio left much to be desired. Songs could be an extension of the jokes and other dialog. A studio would often have a good piano or, perhaps, an organ, the volume of which could be moderated so as not to drown out the singers.
Theaters on the vaudeville circuits often adopted a Variety format. Several acts of different types might be scheduled on a night, playing in an order that kept audiences engaged even though they might enter or leave the theater at different times. Radio vaudevillians modified the variety format to fit their more limited time blocks.
Microphone technology advanced to allow a live audience in the studio to watch the broadcast being made and giving the comedian host someone to play off of and react to. These same advances also allowed an orchestra to provide music for the show, and band leaders became as important as comic foils as they were for the music. However, the time for music men to shine in their own right was approaching.
It Don't Mean a Thing…
Many music scholars consider Jazz to be America's most lasting and important contribution to the worldwide culture. Many influences contributed to the development of Jazz, which can trace its roots from the celebratory marches on the streets of New Orleans to the sad but defiant Blues of the Mississippi Delta to the smoky dance and supper clubs in major industrial cities of the North like Chicago and New York.
A form of Jazz developed on the nightclub circuit that was particularly adapted to youthful dancing while becoming more acceptable to white audiences. This acceptance was largely due to white band leaders incorporating the style and rhythms into their arrangements. White orchestras were seen as being more refined and disciplined than black combos which originated the sound.
Greater acceptability meant that club owners could charge more for admission as well as attract the interest of the new radio networks that were exploring the technology of remote broadcasting. Listeners across the country got to hear what they were told was the latest sounds while driving the popularity of the venues making the broadcast. Somewhat ironically, enthusiasm for danceable Jazz grew while the nation was experimenting with Prohibition.
Prohibition finally came to an end, but the popularity of big bands playing Jazz music that people could dance to continued to grow. In late 1934, Nabisco began sponsoring Let's Dance on NBC. The late Saturday night program broadcast over five hours to ensure that each time zone could enjoy at least three hours of music. The show was a big boost to the popularity of the Benny Goodman Orchestra before going off the air in May 1935. That summer, the Goodman outfit continued to ride Let's Dance's popularity, and when the band made it to L.A.'s Palomar Ballroom in August, dancers who had heard Goodman on the radio sold the joint out.
The dancefloor at the Palomar was supposedly big enough to hold four thousand couples, but there was no room on the night that Swing was born. The style emphasizes the weaker pulse of the off-beat, creating a rhythm that is impossible to ignore while remaining acceptable and tasteful enough to avoid the disapproval of any oldsters in the audience. Benny Goodman was considered the "King of Swing", but several others, including Duke Ellington, Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey, Woody Herman, Harry James, Glenn Miller, and Artie Shaw could have worn the crown.
"Both Kinds of Music"
Swing Music, although thought of as the music of its generation, is forever associated with the nightclub set. It loses importance the further we get past the city limits and into the rural regions where most Americans still lived in the middle decades of the Twentieth Century. The roots of Country and Western Music are nearly as diverse as those of Jazz, and Jazz is part of the mix as well. An important difference between Jazz and Country is the instruments. Jazzmen love the smoky and driving sounds of big band instruments like horns and piano while the "Hillbilly" sound grew from more "portable" instrumentation like guitars, harmonicas, and fiddles.
Country and Western music has been called 'the folk music of the working class'. As the industrial might of the Nation grew, especially in the period before, during, and after the Second World War, the factories in the big Northern cities needed a source of cheap, semi-skilled labor. Much of this labor demand was met by the Great Migration of Negroes excepting the racial injustice of the post-Civil War South, but if white factory bosses could hire white workers, they would.
Several waves of emigrants from the British Isles who could not find a place in the cities of the Atlantic Shoresettled in the hills of the Appalachian and Ozark Mountains. It was possible to eke out a living in these hilly regions for a hard-working farmer, but conditions made it difficult to make a fortune. When these hard-working hill-billies heard the call of the industrial North, they migrated in droves, bringing with them a musical tradition that reached back to English folk tunes.
Much of what is termed "Hill-Billy Music" embraces a strong Protestant Revivalist tradition. However, once these formerly poor folks had some money, their musical tastes expanded to include the Honky-Tonk sound. In some ways, Honky-Tonk music was a rowdy antithesis to the more spiritually driven Bluegrass form of Country Music. In comparison to the swank nightclubs that brought forth Swing Jazz, Honky Tonks were places for hard-working and hard-drinking men who could blow an entire paycheck for a few hours of fun.
What traditions there are in Honky-Tonks probably arose in the Cow Towns of the Old West, where, after weeks following a herd of cows to market a group of cowboys needed to blow off some steam. The myth of the noble Cowboy is largely just that; a myth. However, it is a good myth that many Americans can identify with.
Western Music is separate but related to Country or Hill-Billy Music. There is a bit of Latin influence to Western Music that adds spice to the sound. Western Music is as much a Hollywood phenomenon as a musical trend thanks, at least in part, to the rise of the Singing Cowboy.
And the Beat Goes On
Although there were several shows, both live and syndicated broadcasts dedicated to Music during the Golden Age of Radio, once the Networks abandoned radio for TV, radio became synonymous with Music. The business of Radio disk jockeys had more to do with selling songs than selling products. This would eventually lead to the infamous "Payola Scandal", but the music industry was about selling records, and DJ Format radio sold a lot of records.
In many markets, any form of talk radio was discouraged because talk interrupted the music. However, as streaming services and automobile sound systems support better quality recorded audio play, broadcast music has given way to talk again.
|Show Title||Dates||Music Type||Featured Artist||Show Premise|
|Ada Jones Collection||Early 1900s||Girl Singer||Ada Jones||Miss Jones' recordings were made on Edison Wax Cylinders. [LISTENER CAUTION: These Recordings may be offensive to some listeners due to the Racia insenstivities of the period]|
|Al Goodman and His Orchestra||1935-1954||Big Band||Al Goodman and His Orchestra||One of Broadway's most successful musical directors, in this collection bandleader Al goodman brings his celebrated outfit to the airwaves in several remote and studio broadcasts.|
|Aladdin's Lamp||1937||Crooner||Smilin' Ed McConnell||Smilin' Ed McConnell serenaded housewives with happy songs while pitching Alladin Kerosene Lamps|
|Alan Freed Rock n Roll Dance Party||Rock n Roll||Alan Freed||Rock n Roll has always been about rebellion, which makes it all the more surprising that the Armed Forces Radio Service would put a controversial figure like Alan Freed on the air for our Soldiers|
|Alan Freed Show||1954-55||Rock n Roll||Alan Freed||Disc jockey Alan Freed helped to introduce America's youth to the "Black Music" that would form the roots of Rock N Roll|
|Alka Seltzer Time||1953||Swing||Martha Tilton||"Plop! Plop! Fizz! Fizz!" Pretty Martha Tilton and the great Curt Massey bring us wonderful music with Alka Seltzer paying the bills|
|The All Star Parade of Bands||1953-56||Jazz||Various||NBC and the United Federation of Musicians cooperated to pitch US Savings Bonds with great Jazz music|
|All Star Western Theater||1946-48||Country and Western||Foy Willing||Straight from Hollywood, the New Riders of the Purple Sage with Foy Willing took advantage of the growing popularity of the Singing Cowboy Westerns to give listeners a rip-roaring good time|
|Ambassadors of Melodyland||1931||Variety||Various||A royal celebration of popular music from the early 1930s.|
|America Salutes the President's Birthday||1941-44||Variety||Various||FDR became an incredibly popular President and celebrities from throughout show business pulled out all the stops to help celebrate his birthday|
|American Album Of Familiar Music||1931-1951||Crooner||Frank Munn||One of the most successful programs to come out of the Hummert Radio Factory, The American Album of Familiar Music featured the talents of reclusive tenor Frank Munn. His rich tones delighted housewives until he took an early retirement in 1945|
|Americas Popular Music||30s and '40s||Big Band||Like so much of American Culture, the center of Swing Music began to move to the West Coast during the War. "America's Popular Music" was produced in Hollywood for our Boys in Uniform|
|Amos and Andy Music Hall||1954-1960||Disc Jockey||Various||After delighting audiences for more than two decades as Amos 'n' Andy, Correll and Gosden set up their popular characters with a "radio show" from the Mystic Knights of the Sea Lodge Hall. The DJ format allowed for many famous guest stars|
|Andre Kostelanetz Show||1943-46||Easy Listening||Andre Kostelanetz Orchesra||Before "Easy Listening" was even a category, Russian émigré Andre Kostelanetz put together one of the biggest orchestra's in Radio to play it. Kostelanetz came to America after fleeing the Russian Revolution|
|Ann Miller Collection||1940-54||Girl Singer||Ann Miller||Screen Tap-Dancing Wonder and G.I. Pin-up favorite Ann Miller was a popular guest on many AFRS Programs and alays a hit with the guys overseas|
|Anthology||1954-55||High-Brow||Various||A song is a poem sung to music, but what if there is music and poetry but no singing? The poetry on Anthology features some of the biggest voices in the entertainment industry|
|Arthur Smith's Corner Store and Arthur Smith and His Cracker Jacks||1948-54||Country and Western||Arthur "Guitar Boogie" Smith||Getting his start on a local South Carolina station, Arthur "Guitar Boogie" Smith pioneered the use of Electric Guitars on Country and Western Music|
|Artie Shaw Collection||1938-1954||Big Band||Artie Shaw||Many Bandleaders are in contention for the title of "King of Swing", but considering not only the amount of time he spent in the business, the amount of success he enjoyed, and the number of future greats who worked for him, our vote goes to Artie Shaw|
|At Ease||1940-44||Pop Songs||Various||The G.I.s who served during the War were Patriots and Warriors willing to give everything to defend their Nation, but for the most part, they were just kids, and kids like popular music! "At Ease" was one of the shows AFRS used to give it to them.|
|Atlantic Spotlight||1944-45||Pop Songs||Various||The G.I.s who served during the War were Patriots and Warriors willing to give everything to defend their Nation, but for the most part, they were just kids, and kids like popular music! "At Ease" was one of the shows AFRS used to give it to them.|
|B.A. Rolfe and His Orchestra||1934||Big Band||As a kid, B.A. Rolfe played trumpet on the vaudeville circuit while touring with his father. Later, he ran a silent movie studio before forming an orchestra and began a run as the house band at the Palais d'Or restaurant and became a pioneer of remote broadcasting.|
|The Bailes Brothers||1941||Country and Western||Vailes Bros||Kyle, Johnnie, Walter, and Homer Bailes grew up poor in Kanawha County, West Virginia, before appearing in pairs on stations around the South East. While Hoer was serving in the Military, Johnnie and Walter were invited to the Grand Ol' Opry in 1943.|
|Band of the AAF Training Command||1944||Swing||Glenn Miller||Bandleader Glenn Miller was anxious to serve his country after Pearl Harbor and set aside a very lucrative career to join the US Army Air Forces. One of his first assignments was to form a Jazz band for the USAAF Training Command|
|Barrel of Fun||1941-1944||Variety||Vailes Bros||The incredibly funny Charlie Ruggles hosted "Barrel of Fun" on Mutual which featured terrific musical guests along with some of the best (or worst) puns ever|
|The Barry Wood in Old Time Radio||1942-47||Crooner||BArry Woods and Margaret Whiting||After the War, ZIV Syndications brought "America's Favorite Baritone, Barry Wood, to the airwaves with the pretty Margaret Whiting. Wood popularized the War-time ditty, "Any Bonds Today?"|
|Armed Forces Radio Service Basic Music Library Recordings||1943-45||Pop Songs||Vailes Bros||The Armed Forces Radio Service provided the Basic Music Library to radio stations in the various Theaters of the War. The music, which was recorded for free by some of the biggest Stars, might have been used as air-time "filler", but it was something that the folks back home were not hearing.|
|Beat the Band||1940-1944||Pop Songs||Various||For "Beat the Band", listeners could send in questions to stump the featured musicians. The questions could earn the sender twenty bucks and a box of Kix Cereal while the band members in the studio who gave a wrong answer had to toss a fifty-cent piece into the "kitty".|
|The Bell Telephone Hour||1944-1969||High-Brow||Various||The folks at Ma Bell presented some of the period's best opera stars and classical musicians giving their greatest performances. The Telephone Hour also featured some unintentionally racy jokes from guest comedians.|
|Benny Goodman Recordings||1935-1944||Swing||The Benny Goodman Orchestra||Benny Goodman's outfit helped to launch the Swing-era with a sell-out performance at L.A.'s Palomar Ballroom, which helped to forge Benny's reputation as "The King of Swing".|
|Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy||1935-1955||Variety||Various||People tuned in to hear the witty repartee between Bergen and Charlie, but they were also treated to several wonderful Musical Guests|
|Best of All||1954-55||Pop Songs||Various||American Show Tunes came from Broadway, Operettas, and the Movies, created by composers like Gershwin, Irving Berlin, Rogers and Hammerstein, Cole Porter, and others. Best of all, we can hear them on "The Best of All".|
|Big City Serenade||1951-53||Pop Songs||The NBC Orchestra||The NBC Orchestra provided the music for "Big City Serenade", a weekly celebration of major cities across the country. Each week's City was selected randomly, although some were coordinated with big events like National Party Conventions.|
|The Big Show||1950-52||Variety||Various||Decades before there was Oprah, Tallulah Bankhead hosted "The Big Show" on Sunday nights. Guests included some of the biggest names in showbusiness who may or may not have fit with Tallulah's decidedly upper-crust attitudes.|
|The Bill Kemp Show||1958||Variety||Various||"The Bill Kemp Show" was placed at the end of a 12-hour long daily live broadcast on ABC. Kemp managed to fill his program with laughs and great music, and the shenanigans often continued after the microphones were turned off.|
|The Bill Ring Show||Country and Western||Bill Ring||An incredibly wise man, Bill Ring once said that "If you're too busy to go fish'n, you're TOO busy!" Ring and his syndicated program became the cornerstone of KWTO Springfield, Missouri's bid to become "the crossroads of Country Music".|
|Billy Jones and Ernie Hare||1931-1939||Variety||The Happiness Boys||Billy Jones and Ernie Hare, The Happiness Boys, were a team of incredibly funny vaudvillians who are listed as one of the first to make the transition from the vaudeville circuits to the airwaves.|
|Bing Christmas||1945-1961||Crooner||Bing||For many of us, the Holiday Season does not really start until we hear "der Bingle" singing "White Christmas" on the radio. Of course, Bing means much more than that Irving Berlin song at the Happiest Time of the Year.|
|Bing Crosby Collection||1935-1957||Crooner||Bing||A Star of the screen and recording, the Radio gave Bing Crosby's career its biggest boost|
|The Bing Crosby-Rosemary Clooney Show||1960-62||Crooner||Bing||Taking advantage of his investment in the AMPEX Tape Recorder, Bing reached out to his costar and friend from White Christmas, Rosemary Clooney for this delightful daily songfest|
|The Bing Crosby Chesterfield Show||1949-52||Crooner||Bing||Chesterfield Cigarettes was a longtime sponsor of this after-dinner program and hired Bing to host it in 1949|
|Bob Hope Collection||1935-1955||Variety||Bob Hope||Called "the Most Honored Entertainer in the World", Bob Hope helped to win the War as well as sell toothpaste|
|Bob Wills Round-Up||1945-1953||Country and Western||Bob Wills||"The King of Western Swing", Bob Wills grew up on his daddy's Texas cotton farm before becoming a Country Music icon|
|The ABC Breakfast Club with Don McNeil Also Known as The Don McNeil Show and later NBC Breakfast Club||1933-1968||Variety||Various||The Breakfast Club was designed to give listeners a smile in the morning that would last for the rest of the day|
|Breakfast in Hollywood||1945-54||Variety||Various||Broadcasting from Breneman's Restaurant at Sunset and Vine, the show brought a laugh-a-minute|
|Breakfast in The Blue Ridge||Country and Western|
|Breakfast with Binnie and Mike||1946-47||Variety||Various||A Breakfast show from the Hollywood home of filmstar Binnie Barnes and sports announcer Mike Frankovich|
|Broadway in Review||1953||Big Band||Various||"The Sweethearts of Country Music", Opry Stars Lulu Belle and Scotty Wiseman hosted this fun Breakfast-time Music and Variety show from the heart of Hill-billy country|
|California Melodies||1940-42||High-Brow||Maxine Gray||David Rose's exotica and cocktail hour music is showcased by pretty singer Maxine Gray|
|Call for Music||1948||Girl Singer||Dinah Shore and Friends||Philip Morris Tobacco sponsor this teaming of Dinah Shore, Harry James, and Johnny Mercer to showcase sweet music and Hollywood gossip|
|The Camel Caravan||1936-39||Swing||Benny Goodman||In the late-Thirties, Benny Goodman led "The Camel Caravan" on Saturday nights pushing refreshing smokes and hot swing music|
|Camel Rock and Roll Dance Party||1956||Rock n Roll||Various||Decades before "Joe Camel", the cigarette company courted the Youth Market by sponsoring controversial Rock and Roll DJ Alan Freed|
|Captain Stubby and the Buckaneers||1951||Pop Songs||Tiny, Sonny, Tony, and Jerry||This showcase of semi-Nautically themed harmonies featured a group who would eventually join the Navy together|
|The Carnation Contented Hour||1948-49||Variety||Various||We are not qualified to judge whether Contented Cows do, in fact, give better milk, but we can tell that the variety of musical talent brought to the Carnation Contented Hour made for Contented Listeners|
|The Carter Sisters||1946||Country and Western||Mother Maybelle and the Carter Sisters||Mother Maybelle and her daughters were almost outshone by vivacious sister June Carter in this Country Music Treasure|
|Cavalcade of Music||1937||Easy Listening||Various||DuPont's "Cavalcade of Music" was a lighter alternative to "Cavalcade of America" but just as high quality|
|Chamber Music Society of Lower Basin Street||1940-1952||Jazz||Various||The normally staid announcer for the Metropolitan Opera, Milton Cross, let his hair down a bit for "Chamber Music Society of Lower Basin Street". Set up as a lampoon of the long-hair fare enjoyed by supporters of the Met, the Chamber was a showcase for some fine Swing operators.|
|Charlie and his Orchestra (Nazi Propaganda)||Jazz||Karl Schwedler und his Orchestra||The Nazis were basically opposed to the freedom of spirit that made Jazz Music possible, but the Propaganda Ministry knew that the Allled Soldiers loved listening to Swing Bands. They figured if they could get them to listen to a German Swing outfit, maybe they could send a message that freedom was not all it was cracked up to be|
|Checkerboard Fun Fest Featuring Eddy Arnold||Country and Western||Eddy Arnold||Syndicated by Purina Mills, The Checkerboard Funfest featuring "the Tennessee Plowboy" Eddy Arnold presented Country Music for folks back on the farm rather than country folks who moved to the City|
|The Chestfield Show also known as The Moonlight Serenade||1939-1942||Swing||Glenn Miller||Before joining the USAAF, Glenn Miller worked for the Chesterfield Show in what came to be known as The Moonlight Serenade|
|Chesterfield Supper Club||1944-50||Pop Songs||Various||A rotating lineup of hosts encouraged listeners to enjoy a good supper, some great music, and to light up a flavorful, refreshing Chesterfield. At least, the music probably wouldn't kill you!|
|Chesterfield Time||1937-44||Big Band||Various||Danceable music from Hollywood was the hook for Chesterfield Time. Listeners got to enjoy the seductive tones of pretty Alice Faye and others|
|The Chicago Theater of the Air||1940-55||High-Brow||Various||Opera is the ultimate in highbrow music, but it is also a compelling and beautiful means of storytelling. The Chicago Theater of the Air was a means to share opera with the masses|
|Chiquita AFRS Collection||1945-46||Disc Jockey||Various||The Hispanic-American community has been an important source of volunteers for the US Armed Services. AFRS hired Ms. Chiquita Juarez to host a DJ Program designed to appeal to Hispanic Servicemembers|
|Choose a Song Partner||1948||Pop Songs||Don Moreland, Adele Scott, and Beryl Vaughn||Hostess Beryl Vaughn has a list of songs to match her clues for the audience to guess. Singer Don Moreland and organist Adele Scott bring the songs to life while pushing women's "unmentionables"|
|Christmas At War||1941-45||Variety||Various||The G.I.s fighting to preserve Freedom against the Axis Powers were willing to give their all, but their sacrifice was felt hardest at Christmastime|
|Christmas on the Blue Network||1944||Variety||Various||The blue Network pulls out all the stops for Christmas 1944, with songs, skits, visits from Santy Claus, and voices of our boys overseas|
|Christmas Variety Shows||1937-56||Variety||Various||It is the Happiest Time of the Year, and what could be better than to celebrate with songs and laughter from your favorite Variety Shows|
|Chrysler Showroom||1949||Big Band||Danny Kaye||Danny Kaye shares laughter and song while showing us the newest Chrysler cars|
|Chuck Wagon Jamboree||1949||Country and Western||Ken Curtis and the Novelty Aces||Before becoming Festus on TV's Gunsmoke, Ken Curtis hosted this fun Western Music syndication|
|Cities Service Band of America||1949||Marching Band||The Cites Service Ordhestra||The Cities Service Gasoline and Oil Company had a longtime presence on the air, and conductor Paul LaValle takes us on a musical tour of American Cities|
|The Nine Thirty Club||1949||Pop Songs||Various||The mid-morning hours were hard for local broadcasters to fill, but the Don Lee Pacific Network hired a series of disk jockeys for its Nine Thirty Club|
|Club 15 with Bob Crosby||1947-1951||Pop Songs||Bob Crosby||Bing's kid-brother Bob hosted this nightly quarter-hour of music featuring guests like Margaret Whiting, the Andrews Sisters, and the Modernaires|
|The Cocoanut Grove Ambassadors||1932||Big Band||Phil Harris||One of the swankiest nightclubs in Los Angeles, the Cocoanut Grove featured the Phil Harris Orchestra before Phil went to work for Jak Benny|
|Coke Club||1946||Crooner||Morton Downey||Your local Coca Cola Bottler brings this quarter-hour daily program featuring Leah May and crooner Morton Downey|
|Coke Time with Eddie Fisher||1954-1957||Pop Songs||Eddie Fisher||Even though his personal life was filled with scandal, Eddie Fisher sold a lot of Coca-Cola!|
|Columbia Presents||1944-1948||Big Band||Various||CBS built a reputation s the "Tiffany Network", and Columbia Presents featured some of the most prestigious names in the Music Industry|
|Command Performance||1940-1977||Variety||Various||The Armed Forces Radio Service came up with this gem where G'I's could send in their requests, no matter how strange, the Hollywood elite did their best to fulfill them|
|Concert Hall||1942-1946||Classical||Various||Lionel Barrymore hosts the AFRS presentation of Long Hair music for our boys in Uniform|
|Concert in Miniature||1952-1953||Jazz||Stan Kenton||One of the biggest Jazz outfits on the West Coast, the Stan Kenton Orchestra headlined Concert in Miniature series on NBC|
|The Continental Celebrity Club||1946||Variety||Various||John Charles Daly interviewed some of the biggest Celebrities in Showbusiness for the Continental Can Company on The Continental Celebrity Club|
|Corn's A Poppin' with Spike Jones and His City Slickers||1935-1957||Novelty||Spike Jones and His City Slickers||Musical mayhem is the order of the day when Spike Jones and His City Slickers fired up their instruments and took potshots at musical conventions|
|Country Hoedown - US Navy||1958-1974||Country and Western||Various||The biggest names in Country Music signed on to help the Navy Recruiting Service attract young men and women to consider a career in service of their Country|
|Country Music Time (Airforce)||1959-1960||Country and Western||Various||The US Air Force needed solid young men to take on technical challenges and used the greatest Country and Western Musicians to attract recruits|
|Country Style USA||1957||Country and Western||Various||The US Army hired Cecil Daniels to host this wonderful Country and Western Variety program designed to attract new recruits|
|Cowboy Church of the Air||1953||Country and Western||Stuart Hamblen||Inspired by the ministry of Rev. Billy Graham, Methodist Preacher's son Stuart Hamblen began the Cowboy Church of the Air|
|Cowboy Slim Rinehart (Sometimes spelled Cowboy Slim Reinhart)||Late '30s to Early '70s||Country and Western||Slim Rinehart||Slim Rinehart used a "Border Blaster" radio station to promoted his singing career and sell all sorts of products for sponsors|
|Crazy Hillbilly Show||Early '30s||Country and Western||Various||After Dallas investors invested in the Crazy Hotel in Mineral Wells, Texas, they sponsored this delightful program, originating in New York, to promote the healthy waters served at the Hotel|
|Crazy Water Crystal Program||Country and Western||Various||The waters from the Crazy Well in Texas had healthy properties. The Crrazy Crystal Company evaporated the healthy minerals out of the water and sent them to customers. The Crazy Water Crystal program featured several future Opry stars|
|The Cresta Blanca Carnival The Carnival of Musical Contrasts||1942-1944||Variety||Morton Cloud Orchestra||Most people say they enjoy one form of music or another, but sponsor Cresta Blanca Wines presented various kinds of music so that listeners could experience them and see what they really like|
|Dale Evans Collection||1942-1953||Country and Western||Dale Evans||Billed as the "Queen of the West". Dale Evans is best known for teaming with her hubby, "The King of the Cowboys", Roy Rogers. Dale was an incredible musical talent on her own|
|The Voice of America Presents Dance Time U.S.A.||post War||Dance Music||Various||The Cold War struggle between the Super Powers was deadly serious, so it seems unlikely that the Voice of America would use music as a weapon, but that is exactly what they did with Dance Time U.S.A.|
|The Danny Kaye Show||1945-1946||Variety||Danny Kaye||One of Technicolor's most endearing rubber-faced-comics, Danny Kaye was just as big a clown on the air as he was on the screen|
|A Date with the Duke||1945-1946||Jazz||Duke Ellington||The 400 Club in New York City was the setting for these smoking-hot remote broadcasts by the great Duke Ellington|
|Delmore Brothers||post-War?||Country and Western||Alton and Rabon Delmore||The Delmore Brothers of Elkmont, Alabama were early regulars on the Grand Ol' Opry but left the show after a disagreement with management in 1939. They continued to play and record but never reached the level of their success on the Opry|
|Dinah Shore Collection||1941-1950||Girl Singer||Dinah Shore||Dinah Shore got her professional start in Nashville but turned away from Hill-billy music. Instead, she went to New York to sing with several Big Bands and become a favorite pin-up girl. She was also a popular film presence|
|Dinner Bell Roundup Time||1946-1948||Country and Western||Cliffie Stone and Friends||Cliffie Stone was the Country A&R Man for Capitol Records, and he also invested in the Record Corral, where fans could get Country records. Dinner Bell Round-Up Time was a local Pasadena program promoting the shop|
|Divas of Old Time Radio||Various||Girl Singer||Various||The expression Prima Donna has gained a bad reputation, but Divas were an important feature of the OTR Era. After all, everyone loves to hear a pretty girl singing!|
|Doris Day Collection||1924-1952||Girl Singer||Doris Day||As a kid, Doris Day wanted to be a dancer, but an automobile accident ended those plans. Fortunately, she discovered she could sing and she went on the be the pin-up girl G.I.s would fight for|
|The Doris Day Show||1952||Girl Singer||Doris Day||Doris Day was a seasoned and experienced performer by the time CBS gave her a half-hour show of her own in 1953, but her career was just getting started|
|Downbeat||Jazz||Various||Based on the name of a Chicago-based Jazz magazine, AFRS's Down Beat show brought the greatest Jazz performers to the G.I.s overseas|
|Duke Ellington Recordings||1945-1946||Jazz||Duke Ellington||There have been many Kings of Swing, a few Princes of Rhythm, several Queens of Song, but for Jazz aficionados, there can only be one Duke. Born in Washington D.C., Duke Ellington brought a refinement to Jazz while retaining its earthy liveliness|
|Eddie Bracken Collection||1945-1955||Pop Songs||Eddie Bracken||Star of stage, screen, and radio, Eddie Bracken got his start as a nine-year-old vaudevillian. Not only did he have a show of his own on NBC, but his fun personality also made him a popular guest|
|Eddie Condon's Jazz Concert||1944-1945||Jazz||Various||A pioneer of the Chicago School of Dixie-Land Jazz, Eddie Condon presented his Jazz Concerts with the greatest artists from Town Hall in New York City|
|Eddie Fisher in Old Time Radio||1947-1955||Crooner||Eddie Fisher||A classic crooner who was discovered by Arthur Godfrey, Eddie Fisher's booming career was eventually torpedoed by marital scandals|
|Eddy Arnold Rare Recordings Collection||1956||Country and Western||Eddy Arnold||"The Tennesse Plowboy" Eddy Arnold was the real-deal among Singing Cowboys. A true rags-to-riches story, Eddy was one of Tom Parker's early clients until the Colonel put all his attention on Elvis Presley|
|Eddy Arnold Social Security Show||1965||Country and Western||Eddy Arnold||Country superstar Eddy Arnold, "The Tennessee Plowboy" produced several Public Service Announcements for the Social Security Service in the mid-1969s|
|The Eddie Duchin Show||Jazz||Eddie Duchin||Eddie Duchin could have used his Showbiz background to get a cushy job in the Navy, instead, the popular piano player saw action in the Battle of the Atlantic. Later, he used his talents for the Navy Recruiting Service|
|The Enchanted Hour||1949-1950||Classical||Henry Weber and his Orchestra||The Enchanted Hour presented the best in classical music with tunes by Chopin, Handel, Prokofiev, Mendelson, and others|
|The Enchantment of Music||1964||Classical||"Masters Old and New"||Although it may not have directly appealed to the majority of Servicemen, Classical Music was a longtime staple of the Armed Forces Radio and Television Service, and The Enchantment of Music featured "Light Classic Music from California"|
|Esquire Jazz Concert||1944-1946||Jazz||Various||In 1944, Esquire Magazine conducted a poll to discover their reader's taste in Jazz. The publishers then used the results to arrange a series of concerts featuring the biggest names in Jazz|
|Ethel Merman Collection||1945-1957||Girl Singer||Ethel Merman||Ethel Merman's singing talent was a true force of nature, based on the joy that she felt from performing before an audience and her reputation as "the personification of the American Musical Theater"|
|Ethel Waters Collection||Girl Singer||Ethel Waters||Sheer talent was what opened doors for Ethel Waters that were normally closed to African American performers. She became the first black woman to headline a coast-to-coast radio broadcast singing with the Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra|
|Eyes on the Ball||1947-1948||Girl Singer||Monica Lewis||Promoting eye health, Eyes on the Ball combined sports reporting from Bill Stern with seductive sounds of singer Monica Lewis|
|Fats Waller Collection||1938-1943||Jazz||Fats Waller||The King of Stride Piano, Fats Waller's sound helped to usher in the Harlem Rennaisance|
|Faultless Starch Time||1952-1953||Country and Western||Bob Atcher ad Mary Jane Johnson||Starched Shirts and Singing Cowboys seem like a strange combination, but that is what we got on the Faultless Starch Time show. Housewives could imagine riding the open range while they pressed their husband's shirts|
|The Fitch Band Wagon||1938-1948||Big Band||Various||Originally a showcase for the era's Big Bands that pitched shampoo and haircare products, The Fitch Band Wagon eventually morphed into a situation comedy starring band leader Phil Harris and his pretty wife, Alice Faye|
|5 Friendly Footnotes||1930||Big Band||Freddy Rich Orchestra||The Friendly Five Shoe Company sponsored the Freddy Rich Orchestra in this fun quarter-hour program. While running the house band at the Waldorf Astoria, Rich hired several future Swing greats, including the Dorsey Brothers and Benny Goodman|
|Fleischmann's Yeast Hour||1933-1936||Variety||Rudy Vallee and Friends||Rudy Vallee did not invent the Variety Program, but he certainly perfected the format on early radio with The Fleischmann's Yeast Hour|
|The Ford Show (Starring Dinah Shore)||1946-1947||Girl Singer||Dinah Shore||As the All American Car Company, the guys behind the Big Blue Oval hired the All American Sweetheart, Dinah Shore, to help push 1947 Fords|
|The Ford Theater||1947-1949||Variety||Various||When the Big Blue Oval guys moved the Ford Theater program to production studios in Hollywood, they also pulled out all the stops to attract the biggest-name talent|
|Forever Tops||1946||Pop Songs||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Most music programs do their best to present original material, but on Forever Tops, Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra did a great job playing songs everyone knows|
|Forward March||1951-52||Crooner||Eddie Fisher||When a draftee is inducted into the Service, he is usually expected to do his time in uniform and then move on with his life after getting stuck with all the worst jobs that Army volunteers avoid. When Crooner Eddie Fisher got the Call, the Army put him to use as part of the Recruiting Service|
|Foy Willing And Riders Of The Purple Sage||1940s||Country and Western||Foy Willing and the Riders of the Purple Sage||Texas-native Foy Willing was in a perfect position to take advantage of the popularity of the Singing Cowboy with his band, the Riders of the Purple Sage|
|Frances Langford Collection||1936-1956||Girl Singer||Frances Langford||Frances Langford became one of Bob Hope's favorite supporting Pretty Girls. She also became a favorite Pin-Up girl who graced the screen and USO Camp Show stages|
|Frank Sinatra Collection||1935-1977||Crooner||Frank Sinatra||Before the Bobby Soxers, before "Your Hit Parade", before "From Here to Eternity", before the Rat Pack, Frank Sinatra was a kid from Hoboken who heard Bing sing and thought, "I can do that…"|
|Fred Astaire||1936-1952||Variety||Fred Astaire||Radio seems like an unlikely media to showcase a dancer, but Fred Astaire's personality was dynamic enough to make it work|
|Fred Waring Collection||1947-1948||Big Band||Fred Waring and his Orchestra||Fred Waring was a perfectionist who had his Orchestra rehearse each number in three different styles because they never knew which he could call on them to perform|
|Front And Center||1947||Girl Singer||Dorothy Lamour and the Crew Chiefs||Military Recruiting depends on getting the attention of young men, and the Air force knew that Dorothy Lamour would get their attention! Teaming her with the Crew Chiefs got the Air Force message across|
|Fun With The Revuers||1940||Variety||Various||A "revue" is a type of variety entertainment for upper-crust types who would not be caught dead going into a Vaudeville house|